Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Qanon Red Cross Contraband

The level of activity is global and it is hectic and without Q we would not understand the significance.  I am trying to get this stuff out asap because the pace is fast.  normally i can write an item and post it even weeks later.  Not so with this stuff as it is coming from an active front.

Obviously the Red Cross has been used to ship contraband and this surely has been going on for a long time.

The collapse of the Armenian link breaks the chin between Iran and NK.  Who knew this?

As stated we are dealing with an intercepted criminal insurgency involving leftest elements or better fascist elements we call the NWO.  We are moving to seal the southern border now to prevent radicals passing through.  At the same time, the first step has been made to end the whole drug war construct. This must wait until far more serious threats are neutralized.  A state of war exists.

Apr 23 2018

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 5b3c72 1159482 NEW
Red Cross Iran.
Red Cross Pakistan.
Red Cross NK.
Red Cross ……..
Define smuggle.
What is smuggled?
What funds are used to pay for the goods?
These people are sick.
Relevant to events about to unfold.
Follow the EOs.
Anonymous ID: 544875 1158720
Just don't forget the Americans Boss! MAGA!!
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 3b9a43 1158853
Happening now.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 3b9a43 1158695
Think SA.
Order is important.
SA -> NK.
NK -> Armenia.
Armenia -> Iran
Iran ->
Any other rogue nuclear states?
Define hostage.
Define protection.
Who is protected by rogue nuclear states?
Trust the plan.
Why are border states like AZ/CA important?
Why is MX vocal against POTUS?
Those who are the loudest…..
The Great Awakening.
Iron Eagle.
Anonymous ID: 10528b 1158228

"Thousands of people are on the streets, cheering and hugging each other, jumping up and down and honking their horns … things happened so quickly…"

AMAZING, Q!!!!!!!
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 25d216 1158519
Like NK, they have been freed.
Assets on the ground.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: a2d4d4 1157518
Iran is next.
CLAS - Sec 11A P 2.2.
Jan 1.
Jun 1.
No inspection @ GZ NR sites.
No missile tech prevention.
Load carrying.
Think NK.
Who controls the $?
Who really controls the $?
Why does the EU have a vested interest in this deal?
Who receives the money?
When the US sends billions in aid and/or climate and/or etc who or what entity audits / tracks to confirm intended recipient(s) rec?

How does GS fund WW counter-events?
Who funds WW leftist events?
American taxpayer (subsidize).

Define nuclear stand-off.
Who benefits?
How do you ‘squeeze’ funds out of the US?
Threat to humanity?
Environment push?
Think Paris accord.
Who audits / tracks the funneled money?
Define kickback.
Define slush fund.

No oversight re: Hussein.
How does the C_A fund non sanctioned ops?
Off the books?

Re_ read past drops.
Will become relevant.
Welcome Mr. President.

The U.S. will NOT agree to continue the Iran deal as it currently stands.

Qanon Trump Card Coming & DNC suit

  The Democratic Party's suit alleges conspiracy by Trump campaign, Russia, WikiLeaks to sway 2016 election; reaction from former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich.
The DNC must be crazy.  Unless of course this is merely for the headline.  It becomes an open invitation to force the DNC to cough up their servers along with allowing masses of evidence to be read into court.  It cannot possibly end well for the DNC.

For a year and one half, while all appropriate conversations have been tracked and gathered by Mil Intel , we have seen a steady flow of real disclosure all of which is deeply damaging to the DEEP State and the Clinton Cabal.  This is disclosure which would mostly have been slammed down under court orders.   This way we have the data and that cannot be done at all.

And yes we have had a clean six months of probable judicially ordered wire tapping as well since the EO before Christmas.  All this has led to 25,000 sealed indictments..

As played, the roof is due to fall in.  If Seth Rich becomes public in June, then it is likely that will be when we see those 25,000 indictments.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 382d04 1117177

Anonymous ID: e193d6 1116307
Trap card played…nice work Q
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 5a1150 1116344
TRUMP card coming.
Anonymous ID: 10fbb7 1116269
Anonymous ID: 9237d9 1116276
Amazing. They are literally opening the door for you to drop all the information as evidence in a court of law.

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 5a1150 1116309
They fall for it every single time.
How do you ‘legally’ …….

 Answer Q re: SR.
SR June JA

The Democratic Party's suit alleges conspiracy by Trump campaign, Russia, WikiLeaks to sway 2016 election; reaction from former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich.

DNC files lawsuit over election interference

The Democratic Party's suit alleges conspiracy by Trump campaign, Russia, WikiLeaks to sway 2016 election; reaction from former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich.

The Democratic Party on Friday filed a multimillion-dollar federal lawsuit against Trump campaign officials, the Russian government and WikiLeaks alleging a widespread conspiracy to tilt the 2016 election in Donald Trump's favor. 

Calling it an “all-out assault on our democracy,” the Democratic National Committee filed the civil suit in federal district court in Manhattan. The suit amounts to another legal broadside related to the 2016 race, on top of the special counsel's ongoing Russia probe and the FBI raid on Trump's personal attorney last week. 

"The conspiracy constituted an act of previously unimaginable treachery: the campaign of the presidential nominee of a major party in league with a hostile foreign power to bolster its own chance to win the Presidency," the suit states. 

It claims that Trump campaign officials worked in tandem with the Russian government and its military spy agency to bring down Hillary Clinton by hacking into the computer networks of the DNC and spreading stolen material.

“During the 2016 presidential campaign, Russia launched an all-out assault on our democracy, and it found a willing and active partner in Donald Trump’s campaign,” said DNC Chairman Tom Perez in a statement, calling the alleged collusion “an act of unprecedented treachery.”
'During the 2016 presidential campaign, Russia launched an all-out assault on our democracy, and it found a willing and active partner in Donald Trump's campaign.'
- DNC Chairman Tom Perez
The suit names several Trump campaign aides who met with Russian nationals during the campaign, including son-in-law Jared Kushner, campaign chair Paul Manafort and campaign deputy Rick Gates. 

“In the Trump campaign, Russia found a willing and active partner,” the suit claims. “In 2016, individuals tied to the Kremlin notified the Trump campaign that Russia intended to interfere with our democracy. Through multiple meetings, emails, and other communications, these Russian agents made clear that their government supported Trump and was prepared to use stolen emails and other information to damage his opponent and the Democratic Party.”

Gates and Manafort have both been charged in special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election.

The suit also claims Wikileaks founder Julian Assange “shared the defendants’ common goal of damaging the Democratic Party in advance of the election.” The suit states Russia, using WikiLeaks, would disseminate information stolen from the DNC “at times when it would best suit the Trump campaign.”

Brad Parscale, campaign manager of Donald J. Trump for President, Inc., slammed the suit as “frivolous” and predicted it would eventually be dismissed.

This is a sham lawsuit about a bogus Russian collusion claim filed by a desperate, dysfunctional, and nearly insolvent Democratic Party,” Parscale said in a written statement. “With the Democrats’ conspiracy theories against the President’s campaign evaporating as quickly as the failing DNC’s fundraising, they’ve sunk to a new low to raise money, especially among small donors who have abandoned them.”

Trump has strongly – and repeatedly – denied colluding with the Russians. 

Most recently, he cited the newly released memos from former FBI boss James Comey to assert his innocence and decry the Russia probe itself.

"James Comey Memos just out and show clearly that there was NO COLLUSION and NO OBSTRUCTION. Also, he leaked classified information. WOW! Will the Witch Hunt continue?" he tweeted. 
While the FBI recently raided Trump’s personal attorney Michael Cohen’s home, office and hotel room to seize a collection of documents, a source said Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein assured that Trump was not a target of that probe. 

Trump’s legal team, meanwhile, is expanding with the addition of former federal prosecutor and New York mayor Rudy Giuliani, who is vowing to seek a swift resolution to the special counsel probe. 

As for the latest court action, suing a foreign country could be difficult for Democrats because typically, other nations have immunity from most U.S. lawsuits. However, the suit argues that Russia shouldn’t be entitled to sovereign immunity because the “DNC claims arise out of Russia’s trespass on to the DNC’s private servers … in order to steal trade secrets and commit economic espionage.”

The Democratic Party used a similar tactic during the Watergate scandal in 1972. The DNC sued former President Richard Nixon’s reelection committee for $1 million in damages for the bungled burglary at the Democratic headquarters in the Watergate building.

Former DNC chair Lawrence O’Brien reached a $750,000 settlement from the Nixon campaign on the day Nixon left office.

How WHOLE Turmeric Heals the Damaged Brain

The extraordinary capability of turmeric is astonishing and it supports brain health.  Ten years ago i wondered what it was actually good for besides making your curry yellow.  We now have this and Cannabis juice as well without the THC as powerful therapeutics and both need to be consumed in whole form.

We are witnessing the emergence of a small group of powerful juices whose health benefits are huge and well worth consuming on a daily basis.  Reducing them to a tincture and creating a quality blend is a powerful commercial concept.

It will take time for Cannibis to be properly priced but it is coming.  However you all can buy fresh turmeric.

How WHOLE Turmeric Heals the Damaged Brain


Contributing writer for Wake Up World


Long considered impossible to accomplish, research reveals how a simple spice might contribute to the regeneration of the damaged brain.

Turmeric is hands down one of the, if not the, most versatile healing spice in the world with over 600 experimentally confirmed health benefits, and an ancient history filled with deep reverence for its seemingly compassionate power to alleviate human suffering.

But, most of the focus over the past decade has been centered on only one of its many hundreds of phytocompounds: namely, the primary polyphenol in turmeric known as curcumin which gives the spice its richly golden hue. This curcumin-centric focus has lead to the development of some very good products, such as phospholipid bound curcumin concentrate (e.g. Meriva, BCM-95) which greatly helps to increase the absorption and bio-activity of curcumin. But, curcumin isolates are only capable of conferring a part of turmeric’s therapeutic power – and therein lies the limitation and hubris of the dominant ‘isolate the active ingredient’ model.

Indeed, it has become typical within the so-called nutraceutical industry to emulate the pharmaceutical model, which focuses on identifying a particular “monochemical” tree within the forest of complexity represented by each botanical agent, striving to standardize the delivery of each purported ‘active ingredient’ with each serving, as if it were a pharmaceutical drug. These extraction and isolation processes also generates proprietary formulas which are what manufacturers want to differentiate their product from all others and henceforth capture a larger part of the market share; a value proposition that serves the manufacturer and not the consumer/patient.

Truth be told, there is no singular ‘magic bullet’ in foods and herbs responsible for reproducing the whole plant’s healing power. There are, in fact, in most healing plants or foods hundreds of compounds orchestrated by the intelligent ‘invisible hand’ of God or ‘Nature,’ or whatever you wish to call it, and which can never be reduced to the activity of a singularly quantifiable phytocompound or chemical.

Beyond The Curcumin ‘Magic Bullet’ Meme

Now, an exciting study published in the journal Stem Cell Research & Therapy provides additional support for the concept that curcumin alone is not enough to explain the healing power of turmeric as a whole plant. The study found that a little known, fat-soluble component within turmeric – Ar-tumerone – may make “a promising candidate to support regeneration in neurologic disease.”

Titled, “Aromatic-turmerone induces neural stem cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo,” German researchers evaluated the effects of this turmeric-derived compound on neural stem cells (NSCs) – the subgroup of brain cells capable of continuous self-renewal required for brain repair.

The study found that when brain cells were exposed to ar-tumerone, neural stem cells increased in number through enhanced proliferation. Moreover, these newly formed neural stem cells also increased the number of fully differentiated neuronal cells, indicating a healing effect was taking place. This effect was also observed in a live animal model, showing that rats injected with ar-tumerone into their brains experienced increases in neural stem cell proliferation and the creation of newly formed healthy brain cells.

This study did not go unnoticed by major medical news channels. Here are some good reviews if you wish to explore the implications in greater depth:

GreenMedInfo’s Turmeric Database Confirms It’s Brain-Saving Power!

As you may already know, GreenMedInfo’s database is the world’s most extensive open access natural medical database on over 1,800 different natural substances, with over 1600 study abstracts on turmeric’s healing properties indexed thus far. (You can view them via the Turmeric research page.) If you take a look at the laundry list of over 600 diseases that this spice (or its components, e.g. curcumin) has been studied for to prevent and/or treat, the sheer volume of supportive literature is astounding. Amazingly, we have catalogued over 180 physiological pathways – according to their conventional pharmacological characterization, e.g. COX-2 inhibitor, Interleukin 6 down-regulator – by which turmeric or its components heals the human body. In addition, you will find over 100 articles on turmeric’s neuroprotective properties on this page: Turmeric as a Neuroprotective agent.

The research clearly indicates that turmeric is a great plant for supporting both the brain and the body’s neurological pathways.

How To Get The Most Out of Your Turmeric

One of the most frequent questions we field is ‘what is the best type of turmeric or curcumin to use’? Obviously, given the aforementioned research, the whole plant is going to carry a wider range of therapeutic compounds than curcumin alone. And yet, most have been heavily enculturated to focus entirely on the ‘how much’ question, opting to identify the molecular weight (i.e. how many milligrams in a serving) of a particular compound as more important than the qualitative dimensions (e.g. is it organic? It is delivered within its natural context as food or a whole plant?) which reflect the type of nutrigenomic information the substance contains, and therefore the ‘intelligence’ it embodies. To learn more about the intelligence of food watch my e-course ‘The Wisdom of Food.’

And really, there is no generic answer to a generic question about the best way to take turmeric/curcumin. The question always comes from an individual with a particular need, and so, recommendations must be bio-individualized.

For instance, if you have colonic inflammation or polyps, and you are trying to use turmeric to reduce inflammation there or regress precancerous growths, then using the whole plant is best versus a highly bioavailable form of curcumin in capsule form (e.g. Meriva), for instance, which will likely be absorbed by the small intestine and mostly pass through the liver never getting adequate quantities to the large intestine. So, in this person’s case taking a teaspoon of relatively difficult to absorb turmeric may result in painting the diseased surfaces of that person’s intestinal or colonic lumen with exactly the form needed to reverse disease.

But what if you have someone who wants to experience a systemic effect, say, for arthritis or for brain cancer? In these instances, getting turmeric compounds such as curcumin through the glucuronidation barrier in the liver with a phospholipid-bound or black pepper (piperine) combination could be ideal. There is certainly a place for the ‘nutraceutical’ model when properly applied, especially when provided as an adjuvant to the pharmaceutical model within an integrative medical setting.

Ultimately, the goal is not to wait to have such a serious health problem that you have to force yourself to take a ‘heroic dose’ of any herb or food extract. Better is to use small amounts in culinary doses in combination with ingredients that synergize on a physiochemical/informational and sensual basis (producing the all important vitamin P [pleasure] as well!). Recently we actually featured a study that showed culinary doses of rosemary helped improve memory whereas higher ‘heroic’ doses impaired it!

This is why exploring the use of turmeric in curries, or by adding a pinch in a smoothie, may be an ideal daily supplementation approach, versus capsules, whose questionably ‘natural’ capsules and excipients all can add up to cause some stress on the liver you are trying to protect with these natural interventions. Just remember quality is everything and less is more!

System extracts quarter-liter of water per day per kilogram of MOF from desert air

 This is an extraordinary breakthrough as it operates independent of the dew point.  Thus the constraint will be air flow and that can be handled.  Early days of course but the possibility is clear that we can develop a device able to produce 100 liters per day and then drive the cost down.  Been solar driven we can go into the desert were the need is greatest.

My own approach using either coolant driven systems or inexpensive dew driven systems involved starting outside the edge of the desert where the humidity is high and slowly growing the forest and hardware inward to bring the humidity with you.

All this took serious generational time even though it could easily be made self sustaining.  Hardware like this allows the prospect of actually blanketing the desert with a living forest and seeing rainfall quickly kick in as the forest simply grew.

System extracts quarter-liter of water per day per kilogram of MOF from desert air

brian wang | April 7, 2018

A system, based on relatively new high-surface-area materials called metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), can extract potable water from even the driest of desert air, the researchers say, with relative humidities as low as 10 percent. Current methods for extracting water from air require much higher levels – 100 percent humidity for fog-harvesting methods, and above 50 percent for dew-harvesting refrigeration-based systems, which also require large amounts of energy for cooling. So the new system could potentially fill an unmet need for water even in the world’s driest regions.

By running a test device on a rooftop at Arizona State University in Tempe, Wang says, the team “was field-testing in a place that’s representative of these arid areas, and showed that we can actually harvest the water, even in subzero dewpoints.”

The test device was powered solely by sunlight, and although it was a small proof-of-concept device, if scaled up its output would be equivalent to more than a quarter-liter of water per day per kilogram of MOF, the researchers say. With an optimal material choice, output can be as high as three times that of the current version, says Kim. Unlike any of the existing methods for extracting water from air at very low humidities, “with this approach, you actually can do it, even under these extreme conditions,” Wang says.

The next step, Wang says, is to work on scaling up the system and boosting its efficiency. “We hope to have a system that’s able to produce liters of water.” These small, initial test systems were only designed to produce a few milliliters, to prove the concept worked in real-world conditions, but she says “we want to see water pouring out!” The idea would be to produce units sufficient to supply water for individual households.

Monday, April 23, 2018

Qanon Q&A Midterm elections safe from voter fraud

The Intel here is priceless.  A lot of nouveau - rich Dems are obviously toast and it will all become public soon as around June and leading into the midterms.  This means that a number of those folks will be forced to resign in the next three months.

Also the IG report uncovered at least 8 + million votes were swapped in 2017.  This will obviously end in the Midterms and we will surely see a major political shift in California in particular but elsewhere as well.

The DNC will struggle to survive and will need to literally reconstitute itself after the expected blowout.  Unfortunately it is now likely to be hijacked fully by the Socialist rump.

This will set the stage for the radical right to also calve from the GOP after Trump and become an independent splinter party as well.

Confirmation that the assault on the NWO or the proto NAZIS is global in extent as i had thought.  and this is more confirmation that Q is surely Trump as well.

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: c14225 1109466
Q&A again.
Time limited.
Keep up the good fight!
Anonymous ID: 4e11c7 1109176
Will election fraud be revealed soon???
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d7571e 1109320
Yes, midterms are safe.
Watch CA.

Anonymous ID: e53d0e 1109132
Will Europe really be broken from its chains too?
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d7571e 1109196
Anonymous ID: fe9998 1108927

When will we find out about Seth Rich and Las Vegas??
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d7571e 1109139
SR connect to DNC.
Why did the D’s push legal rep on family?
June ETA.

Anonymous ID: 32dde8 1108947
Federal Reserve ending?
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d7571e 1108971
Anonymous ID: 2f4278 1108920
HRC v"dark web" video fake news???
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d7571e 1108949
We control.

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d7571e 1108897
5 min.
Anonymous ID: 158e95 1108831
Who captured?

https:// www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-prisoner/man-linked-to-9-11-attacks-on-u-s-captured-in-syria-pentagon-idUSKBN1HR027
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d7571e 1108850
What makes a good movie?

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: eb1842 1107913
Memos are FAKE.
Guided by LL/+3 CLAS.
Think SC.
All written same time.

Anonymous ID: 2832d2 1107717
Lads, why would someone connected to 9/11 be in Syria?
Pic Related
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: e7ff65 1107796
Who captured?

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: e7ff65 1107754
Data mine NP +1 +5
Build profile 1XD x7
Eyes only.


Anonymous ID: 14c0cf 1106974
"Pelosi said her concerns about the North’s proliferation deepened after a trip to the North many years ago.

“When we went to Pyongyang, and we talked about missiles, we talked about MIAs and POWs, we talked about home, we talked about a number of subjects. But about the missiles, because the development of missiles was a national security issue of concern,” Pelosi said.

“They said, ‘Look, we just make these to sell. You want to buy them? We’ll sell them to you,'” she said. "

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 549b47 1107080
The words used re: Intel & buying/selling will bury her.
Think net worth.
CLAS Level Highest.

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 549b47 1106719
Pelosi admits travel to North Korea [past].
Archive immediately.
They have tried to ‘cover’ this.
Why is this relevant?
These people will lose everything.

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: 549b47 1106873
The importance of this cannot be expressed more clearly.
Archive OFFLINE immediately.
Offline only.
Future events re: Intel trip to NK will make heads roll.
“Pompeo” most senior official to visit NK since?
Future proves past.

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d24602 1105264
Study the EOs.
Follow the ‘pen’.
EOs post ‘pen’ pics.
SKY Event.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d24602 1105360
Push to DIVIDE is strong.
Think pre vs post 2016 election.
We, the PEOPLE.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d24602 1105115
We have everything.
How can we use what we know?
How do you ‘legally’ inject/make public/use as evidence?
What are you witnessing unfold?
Trust the plan.

Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d24602 1105264
Study the EOs.
Follow the ‘pen’.
EOs post ‘pen’ pics.
SKY Event.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d24602 1105041
Relationships High.
“Insurance File.”
Quiet until now.
Join POTUS’ legal team.
Direct discussions avail [now] w/ Mueller.
Enjoy the show.
They never thought she would lose.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d24602 1105115
We have everything.
How can we use what we know?
How do you ‘legally’ inject/make public/use as evidence?
What are you witnessing unfold?
Trust the plan.
Q !xowAT4Z3VQ ID: d24602 1105041
Relationships High.
“Insurance File.”
Quiet until now.
Join POTUS’ legal team.
Direct discussions avail [now] w/ Mueller.
Enjoy the show.
They never thought she would lose.

Older adults grow just as many new brain cells as young people: study

 By and large our brains are set up to last for many years past our present lifespan.  thus those tales of a thousand year lifespan is at least not simply impossible.  Thus telomase recovery should actually succeed in major life extension.
That this differs from all other animals is powerfully significant and supports the meme of our deliberate fabrication around two hundred thousand years ago..

It is remarkable that this history meme never runs into a serious problem that renders it implausible..
Older adults grow just as many new brain cells as young people: study 

April 5, 2018, Cell Press


Researchers show for the first time that healthy older men and women can generate just as many new brain cells as younger people.

There has been controversy over whether adult humans grow new neurons, and some research has previously suggested that the adult brain was hard-wired and that adults did not grow new neurons. This study, to appear in the journal Cell Stem Cell on April 5, counters that notion. Lead author Maura Boldrini, associate professor of neurobiology at Columbia University, says the findings may suggest that many senior citizens remain more cognitively and emotionally intact than commonly believed.

"We found that older people have similar ability to make thousands of hippocampal new neurons from progenitor cells as younger people do," Boldrini says. "We also found equivalent volumes of the hippocampus (a brain structure used for emotion and cognition) across ages. Nevertheless, older individuals had less vascularization and maybe less ability of new neurons to make connections."

The researchers autopsied hippocampi from 28 previously healthy individuals aged 14-79 who had died suddenly. This is the first time researchers looked at newly formed neurons and the state of blood vessels within the entire human hippocampus soon after death. (The researchers had determined that study subjects were not cognitively impaired and had not suffered from depression or taken antidepressants, which Boldrini and colleagues had previously found could impact the production of new brain cells.)

In rodents and primates, the ability to generate new hippocampal cells declines with age. Waning production of neurons and an overall shrinking of the dentate gyrus, part of the hippocampus thought to help form new episodic memories, was believed to occur in aging humans as well.

The researchers from Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute found that even the oldest brains they studied produced new brain cells. "We found similar numbers of intermediate neural progenitors and thousands of immature neurons," they wrote. Nevertheless, older individuals form fewer new blood vessels within brain structures and possess a smaller pool of progenitor cells—descendants of stem cells that are more constrained in their capacity to differentiate and self-renew.

Boldrini surmised that reduced cognitive-emotional resilience in old age may be caused by this smaller pool of neural stem cells, the decline in vascularization, and reduced cell-to-cell connectivity within the hippocampus. "It is possible that ongoing hippocampal neurogenesis sustains human-specific cognitive function throughout life and that declines may be linked to compromised cognitive-emotional resilience," she says.

Boldrini says that future research on the aging brain will continue to explore how neural cell proliferation, maturation, and survival are regulated by hormones, transcription factors, and other inter-cellular pathways.

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