Thursday, February 23, 2017

The Human Mind Is Our Most Precious Commodity

The take home that i have been arguing for years is that all commodities are replaceable with substitutes and some human imagination.  Mostly the work has been long done.  Even plastics can be replaced with plant based products easily enough when we choose.

Price structures are continuing to slowly trend downward on a decadal basis.  Knowing that it is easy to spot pricey corners that must finally break.

Much of what we traditionally did was simply expensive in terms of labor input.  New methods are inevitably more productive and cheaper.  This may not be initially better but that can also be forced.

One only needs to recall the steam age and its huge support tail and then look at the gasoline age and it massive support tail that is still cheaper in terms of cost per unit of power to see all this in motion.

We are now entering the nano particle age in which effects will be achieved with virtually no materials input and in which most of our commodities will actually be abandoned as unnecessary.  Please recall that the USA coal industry is essentially closing down because frack gas is cheaper and way cleaner and real easy to build out.  Grweat coal mines are winding down or shipping overseas.

The Human Mind Is Our Most Precious Commodity

Marian L. Tupy 
Monday, February 13, 2017

Between 1960 and 2015, world population increased by 142 percent, rising from 3.035 billion to 7.35 billion. During that time, average income per capita adjusted for inflation increased by 177 percent, rising from $3,680 to $10,194. Moreover, after 56 years of human use and exploration, the vast majority of the commodities tracked by the World Bank are cheaper than they used to be – either absolutely or relative to income. That was not supposed to have happened.  Out of the 42 distinct commodity prices measured by the World Bank, only 3 have increased relative to income levels.

According to conventional wisdom, population growth was to be a harbinger of poverty and famine. Yet, human beings, unlike other animals, innovate their way out of scarcity by increasing the supply of natural resources or developing substitutes for overused resources. Human ingenuity, in other words, is “the ultimate resource” that makes all other resources more plentiful.
Earlier this year, the World Bank updated its Pink Sheet, which tracks the prices of 72 commodities going back (in most cases) to 1960. I have eliminated some repetitive datasets and some datasets that contained data for only very short periods of time. I was left with 42 commodity prices, which are included in the chart below.
As can be seen, out of the 42 distinct commodity prices measured by the World Bank, 19 have declined in absolute terms. In other words, adjusted for inflation, they were cheaper in 2016 than in 1960. Twenty-three commodities have increased in price over the last 56 years. However, of those 23 commodities, only three (crude oil, gold, and silver) appreciated more than income. In a vast majority of cases, therefore, commodities became cheaper either absolutely or relatively.


Figure 1: Worldwide Commodity Prices, Population, and Income, 1960-2016

It is often assumed that population growth must inevitably result in the exhaustion of natural resources, environmental destruction, and even mass starvation. Take, for example, The Limits to Growth report, which was published by the Club of Rome in 1972.  Based on MIT computer projections, the report looked at the interplay between industrial development, population growth, malnutrition, the availability of nonrenewable resources and the quality of the environment. It concluded:
“If present growth trends in world population, industrialisation, pollution, food production, and resource depletion continue unchanged, the limits to growth on this planet will be reached sometime within the next 100 years… The most probable result will be a rather sudden and uncontrollable decline in both population and industrial capacity… Given present resource consumption rates and the projected increase in these rates, the great majority of currently nonrenewable resources will be extremely expensive 100 years from now.”
It has been 45 years since the publication of The Limits to Growth. So far, the dire predictions of the Club of Rome have not come to pass. On the contrary, we have seen an overall decline in commodity prices relative to income – in spite of a growing global population.
Can this happy trend continue for another 55 years and beyond? To get a glimpse of the future, we must first understand the concept of scarcity.
Unlimited Desires and Limited Resources
Scarcity or “the gap between limited – that is, scarce – resources and theoretically limitless wants”, is best ascertained by looking at prices. A scarce commodity goes up in price, while a plentiful commodity becomes cheaper. That was the premise of a famous bet between Stanford University Professor Paul Ehrlich and University of Maryland Professor Julian Simon. Ehrlich shared the gloomy predictions of the Club of Rome.
Unfortunately, many people believe that the answer to scarcity is to limit consumption of natural resources.
In his best-selling 1968 book The Population Bomb, Ehrlich reasoned that overpopulation would lead to exhaustion of natural resources and mega-famines. “The battle to feed all of humanity is over. In the 1970s hundreds of millions of people will starve to death in spite of any crash programs embarked upon now. At this late date nothing can prevent a substantial increase in the world death rate,” he wrote.
Simon, in contrast, was much more optimistic. In his 1981 book The Ultimate Resource, Simon used empirical data to show that humanity has always gotten around the problem of scarcity by increasing the supply of natural resources or developing substitutes for overused resources. Human ingenuity, he argued, was “the ultimate resource” that would make all other resources more plentiful.
In 1980, the two thinkers agreed to put their ideas to a test. As Ronald Bailey wrote in his 2015 book The End of Doom: Environmental Renewal in the 2lst Century:
“In October 1980, Ehrlich and Simon drew up a futures contract obligating Simon to sell Ehrlich the same quantities that could be purchased for $1,000 of five metals (copper, chromium, nickel, tin, and tungsten) ten years later at inflation-adjusted 1980 prices. If the combined prices rose above $1,000, Simon would pay the difference. If they fell below $1,000, Ehrlich would pay Simon the difference. Ehrlich mailed Simon a check for $576.07 in October 1990.  There was no note in the letter. The price of the basket of metals chosen by Ehrlich and his cohorts had fallen by more than 50 percent. The cornucopian Simon won.”
Simon’s critics, Ehrlich included, have since argued that Simon got lucky. Had his bet with Ehrlich taken place over a different decade, the outcome might have been different. Between 2001 and 2008, for example, the world had experienced an unprecedented economic expansion that dramatically increased the price of commodities.
True, but Simon’s thesis does not have to account for price fluctuations that are heavily influenced by the ups and downs of the global economy as well as disruptive government policies (eg, oil crises in 1973 and 1979). Rather, Simon posited that as a particular resource becomes scarcer, its price will increase and that will incentivise people to discover more of the resource, ration it, recycle it, or develop a substitute.

Cyclical Prices

Commodity prices, academic research suggests, move in so-called “super-cycles,” lasting between 30 and 40 years. During periods of high economic growth, demand for commodities increases. When that happens, commodities go up in price. It is during this period that high commodity prices encourage the discovery of new supplies and the invention of new technologies. Once economic growth slows down, prices of “now copiously supplied commodities fall”.
Accordingly, the current commodity cycle seems to have peaked in 2008. In June 2008, for example, the price of West Texas Intermediate crude oil peaked at $154 per barrel. By January 2016 it stood at $29 (both figures are in inflation-adjusted 2016 US dollars). The once-high price of oil has led to hydraulic fracturing, which has revolutionized the oil industry. Today, “fracking” continues to enable us to access previously inaccessible oil reserves in record volumes. In fact, humanity is yet to run out of a single “non-renewable” resource.
Unfortunately, many people, including Paul Ehrlich, and many organizations, including the Club of Rome, believe that the answer to scarcity is to limit consumption of natural resources. In reality, consumption limits are unpopular and difficult to enforce. More often than not, their effects fall hardest on the most vulnerable. A switch from fossil fuels to “renewable” sources of energy, for example, has increased the price of gas and electricity in many European countries to such extent that a new term – energy poverty – had to be coined.
According to the German magazine Der Spiegel, “Germany’s aggressive and reckless expansion of wind and solar power has come with a hefty price tag for consumers, and the costs often fall disproportionately on the poor.”  In democracies, such policies are, in the long run, unsustainable. More important is the fact that they are unnecessary because real solutions to future scarcity are more likely to come from innovation and technological change.
I do not mean to trivialize the challenges that humanity faces or imply that we will be able to solve all of the problems ahead. Instead, I want to suggest that the human brain, the ultimate resource, is capable of solving complex challenges. We have done so with disease, hunger, and extreme poverty, which have all fallen to historical lows, and we can do so with respect to the use of natural resources as well.

Upright Canine Encounter Near Brighton, Ontario


Really interesting.  The animal was chasing and pacing the car.  When the observer stopped and got out they actually eyeballed each other.  This is as good an eye witness report as one can get.  There is no plausible alternative here.

Anyway this is the Giant Sloth again and it avoids real confrontation.  It is an ambush hunter after all.

That we have a lot of drive by sightings in Ontario is no surprise as most of this is country roads making walking unattractive. ..

Upright Canine Encounter Near Brighton, Ontario 

 Monday, February 13, 2017

Davis from Toronto, Canada called in to tell of his werewolf encounter:

“About two years ago me and my fiance were heading to my parent's cottage in a little town called Brighton. It's about 100 kilometres east of Oshawa, Ontario. So I had been building this 95-5 litre Mustang since I was 15. And I pulled off, me and my fiance at the time, at the Brighton exit and made a left. We were probably driving around for like 10 minutes and something on my left peripheral of my eye – something was traveling along the side of the road in the forest while we were doing around 60 kilometres and I asked my fiance, are you seeing what I'm seeing right now that something is moving as fast as we're moving in my vehicle?

So me, I work at Corrections, Provincial Corrections, so a lot of things don't really get to me, so I had my 5 double D Diesel flashlight in my car and me being the tough guy I was, I pulled my Mustang over to the side of the road. Keep in mind that this was around 1 o'clock in the morning because I'd finished a shift and we were going after, right after work. No lights. No nothing. This thing, when I stopped my vehicle, it stopped too. I walked out of my vehicle, my fiance is telling me to get back in the vehicle and no more than around 20 feet away from me was something standing there and going back to that canine conversation (host Richard Syrett and guest Lon Strickler had been discussing upright canines earlier in the show) you guys were talking about, but this canine it almost looked like a werewolf to me and my fiance. She's native, and she was saying that whatever that thing we were looking at... it looked right at me. I looked right at him or at it, I couldn't tell if it was a him or not. I didn't get to see its genitals but we looked at each and I just got this faint feeling something's wrong and it looked at me and it let off this noise and then it ran back into the forest.

So I jumped back in my Mustang, drove to my parent's cottage and told my dad and my mother everything that was happening and my fiance, she's native, she was talking how there are these people called Skinwalkers that sometimes take form during the night. That they are cursed, their bloodlines are cursed and during the day they come back. And that's just the little story I had. It's always been a cottage conversation and we always look to the side of the road when we're driving there and we haven't seen it since. (Syrett asks if it was upright walking on its hind legs, had pointed ears and had a snout) Exactly. And the thing is I had my 110 pound rottweiler in the back, she, her name is Mea, and she didn't even give out a yelp, she just looked in the general direction and everyone in the car was just in awe as I got out and I was actually very afraid. I deal with inmates all day who do heinous crimes and I couldn't believe my eyes, what I saw and the guys at work, they thought I was a hallucinating but to this day, I swear that this thing was there.”

Source: Coast To Coast AM - February 11, 2017

JLB - Beyond Creepy

NOTE: Though this was the 4th upright canine reports I have received from southern Ontario in the past 2 years, I just realized that each account occurred on a roadway while the witness was driving. The reports originated from areas in the Canadian Niagara Region & near Lake Ontario. Lon

Outrage as Geert Wilders says Islamic ideology 'possibly more dangerous' than Nazism

Geert Wilders has ignited controversy





  Of course it is.  Nazism was a rip off of Islam to begin with, but it arose in a vacuum which allowed it to hide its real agenda which was more in Hitler's mind anyway.

Islam has centuries of effective practice behind it and it is all about betraying a host society.  Ignoring or denying this actually is treason.  That outrage is heard is merely the standard response by the fascist thugs supporting Islam.

Closing Mosques is certainly an excellent start.  however i would never ban the Koran.

Instead i would insist that the Koran be distributed widely,  however i would insist that each Sharia be carefully read as to those parts compliant with the teachings of Christ and to highlight those opposite to the teachings of Christ.  The Jesuits have their work cut out for them.

Outrage as Geert Wilders says Islamic ideology 'possibly more dangerous' than Nazism 

GEERT Wilders has sparked controversy after he said that the Islamic ideology was “possibly even more dangerous” than Nazism. 

PUBLISHED: 16:56, Mon, Feb 13, 2017 | UPDATED: 17:46, Mon, Feb 13, 2017

The far-right politician, the leader and founder of the Party for Freedom (PVV), also promised to close all mosques in the Netherlands, which he compared to “Nazi temples” and ban the Koran, if he was voted into power.

The 53-year-old made the controversial comments during a 40-minute interview with the broadcaster WNL.

He said: "This is a book which even contains more anti-Semitism than Mein Kampf. It is full of calls to violence. 

Getty Geert Wilders, leader and founder of the right-wing PVV"If there would be any Nazi temples in the Netherlands everyone would be outraged if we would allow it. Islam does not belong in our country."

Mr Wilders, who has been dubbed the “Dutch Trump”, appears to have marginally softened his view on the Koran as previously he had stated that mere ownership of the holy book should be a crime but now seems to advocate banning it from bookstores and only allowing scholars access to it.

Mr Wilders has gained public awareness with his “the Netherlands is ours again” and an 11-point programme which aims to “de-Islamise” the country and close the borders to immigrants. 

Geert Wilders: These are the Party for Freedom leader's policies Wed, February 8, 2017
Noteworthy policies that Geert Wilders mentions in his party program. 

Geert Wilders hits back after Dutch PM says MPs WON'T work with him 

This [Quran] is a book which even contains more anti-Semitism than Mein Kampf. It is full of calls to violence 

Geert Wilders While the PVV currently only have 12 seats in the 150-seat House of Representatives the party is currently ahead in the polls and look to seize between 30 and 35 seats in next month’s elections on March 15.

According to the latest polls the People’s Party of Freedom and Democracy (VVD), a liberal party under the current Prime Minister Mark Rutte, are running second.

Even if Mr Wilders wins the election it would appear unlikely he would become Prime Minister as he would need to form a coalition with another party to gain a majority of 75 seats.


Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte has said he will not form a coalition with the PVV

This would seem to be unlikely as all the other parties have ruled that they would refuse to form a coalition with the PVV.

He added: “I think I have a very reasonable tone. (We will) close our borders, and no money will be sent abroad anymore. All the money we spend on foreign countries, the billions to Africa, development aid, to Brussels, Greece, to all asylum seekers in the Netherlands.

“That money we will give to the Dutch here in the Netherlands."

There has already been a backlash against Mr Wilders’ party with the public transport system in Rotterdam banning an anti-Islamic campaign that had been planned to run on trams and buses in the city.


Getty The PVV founder and leader Geert Wilders The comments were soundly condemned by Spior, an Islamic organisation that represents 70 mosques and Islamic groups in the Rijnmond area, which covers Rotterdam.

Executive Director Marianne Vorthoren told “It’s so sad. He has been saying this for years, To get attention for his views he gets more extreme.

“It’s shocking but we have become numb to it.

“It goes against the values of the country. We have seen more initiatives saying we don’t want those extremes.

“It is scapegoating groups because they are followers of a certain religion. Not what they do but what they believe.”

Japan has just invented Robo-bees that can legitimately pollinate the earth


I think that this is a great idea, but not so much as for pollination as for disease and bug management.

The natural bee population recovers smartly once we stop spraying and we are now slowly transitioning over to organic systems.  Having smart bees is a real solution for organic systems.

Having millions of bees out grooming your crop every day is a great leap. .
Japan has just invented Robo-bees that can legitimately pollinate the earth

In an example of life imitating art, scientists have come up with a technology straight out of an episode of Black Mirror: Bee-like pollinating drones.

A team at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Japan engineered the devices using a combination of horsehair, $USD 100 drones and a sticky ion gel. 

It’s pretty simple really – first, the drones fly into flowers much like a bee would. Inside the flower, pollen gets stuck to the drone due to the combination of the ion gel and horsehair. That same pollen is then shaken off into the next flower, and so on. It’s just your run of the mill birds and the robots bees.

Popular Mechanics reports that Eijio Miyako, a chemist at AIST actually created the sticky ion gel by accident in 2007. The gel, which Miyako considered a failure, sat unused for a decade. When Miyako picked it up again recently he was pleased to find that it was still sticky and figured it would be perfect for his new project.

Miyako is now the project leader behind the “Robo-bees”. In the video below, you can see the first time that a drone has successfully pollinated a flower, in this case Japanese lilies. Blink and you’ll miss it!

“What’s wrong with regular bees?”, you may ask. 

The answer is “nothing”, except for the fact that they have reportedly been dying at an unprecedented rate. Although the death of bees was a mystery at first, we now have a better idea of why it’s happening. And as usual, it looks like we are to blame. Predictable. 

In 2014, Time reported on a study from Harvard’s School of Public Health. It found that pesticides were the cause of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), which is the phenomenon in which worker bees just suddenly up and leave a colony without warning. The pesticides in question are those that contain neonicotinoids (NNIs) and they are partially or completely banned in the EU, Canada and the U.S.

Another factor could be climate change. A 2015 study published in the journal Science showed that dozens of bumblebee species in the U.S had been affected by loss of habitat and increases in temperature. 

According to The Australasian Beekeeper, honey bee populations in Australia are also in crisis. Bee numbers are at an all-time low and commercial beekeepers are battling bee diseases with antibiotics that may contaminate our honey. 


Australasian Beekeeper also points out that over 900 peer-reviewed studies have indicated that NNIs are having negative effects on pollinators. In 2014, our government looked into it conducting this report on NNIs and bee health. However, today NNIs are still legal and widely used here.

Is this the future we want?

In the aforementioned episode of Black Mirror, the Robo-bees inevitably were hacked, turned on humanity and started offing people. We’re still pretty far away from that scenario as the drones created at AIST lack intelligence and are pretty hard to pilot. Robots will have to save us before they can kill us.

Isn’t this a clear case of prevention being better than cure, though? 

We already have great pollinators on Earth – they are called bees. So instead of building drones that replicate their behaviour, perhaps we should focus on saving the ones we’ve already got. Otherwise, we could be working on “Robo-trees” next.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Enormous pit of melting carbon the size of Mexico discovered under US

Enormous pit of melting carbon the size of Mexico discovered under US

This headline is seriously wrong.  What is really happening is that bound CO2 is available to be broken out of its host rocks and then released ultimately to the surface.  So over geological time this CO2 will make it back up.

It is no threat even then because CO2 get absorbed the same way.

Real liquid carbon would be seriously exciting however.

Enormous pit of melting carbon the size of Mexico discovered under US

Published time: 14 Feb, 2017 17:11

Molten lava file photo © Reuters

A reservoir of melting carbon covering an area almost the size of Mexico has been discovered beneath the western US, casting doubt over previous estimates of carbon levels inside the Earth. 

The discovery was made by a team from the University of Royal Holloway London using the world’s largest array of seismic sensors that identified the carbon from vibrations generated in Earth’s upper mantle.

The reservoir is believed to have been formed when a Pacific tectonic plate was forced underneath the western US, according to the research published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

“It is a result of one of the tectonic plates of the Pacific Ocean forced underneath the western US, undergoing partial melting, thanks to gasses like CO2 and H2O contained in the minerals dissolved in it," study author Dr Sash Hier-Majumder of Royal Holloway said in a statement.

Located 217 miles (350km) below the planet’s surface the reservoir is estimated to cover 695,000 sq miles (1.8 million sq km).

Following their research, the scientists say that the amount of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s upper mantle could be up to 100 trillion metric tons.]
The carbon in the upper mantle isn’t expected to stay underground forever, instead it’s slowly making its way up to the surface via volcanic eruptions – adding to the carbon already being emitted into the atmosphere by humans.

“We might not think of the deep structure of the Earth as linked to climate change above us, but this discovery not only has implications for subterranean mapping but also for our future atmosphere,” Hier-Majumder added.

“Releasing only 1 percent of this CO2 into the atmosphere will be the equivalent of burning 2.3 trillion barrels of oil. The existence of such deep reservoirs shows how important is the role of deep Earth in the global carbon cycle.”

Ingots of orichalcum, Corinthian helmets and amphorae found off the coast of Sicily

Ingots of orichalcum, Corinthian helmets and amphorae found off the coast of Sicily

 Nice enough as we have an excellent example of a shipment of both product and raw material  That the copper had a high zinc content is a natural consequence of the source mine and should be expected for most everyday work  I do not think that this is Orichalcum at all.

I had thought that orichalcum might be a copper gold combination that would allow chemical rubbing to produce a gold protective layer.

However the report that this particular metal had a natural red color changes my thinking on this.  I suspect that we should see is native copper from Lake Superior could be worked up into a red colored metal.  Take a look at this beauty.  There is no alloying involved.

 Ingots of orichalcum, Corinthian helmets and amphorae found off the coast of Sicily

47 ingots of orichalcum, two Corinthian helmets, archaic amphorae and a Massaliote round-bottom flask (ie., from the ancient Greek colony of Marseilles in France), have been recovered off the coast of Bulala, near the ancient Greek colony of Gela, in southern Sicily.

The finds are dated to between the end of the seventh century and the beginning of the sixth century BC.

Ingots of orichalcum, Corinthian helmets and amphorae found off the coast of Sicily

Orichalcum (Greek ὀρείχαλκος  from ὅρος, 'mountain' and χαλκός, 'copper') was a precious metal, considered second only to gold in value, whose fame is also linked to the legendary lost continent of Atlantis, described by the Greek philosopher Plato in his dialogue Critias.

Ingots of orichalcum, Corinthian helmets and amphorae found off the coast of Sicily

Another 39 orichalcum ingots were recovered at a depth of about five metres in the same area in December 2014.

Ingots of orichalcum, Corinthian helmets and amphorae found off the coast of Sicily

The ingots vary in shape, weight and length: from a minimum of 17 cm and a weight of 254 gr to a maximum of 32 cm and a weight of 1340 gr.

Ingots of orichalcum, Corinthian helmets and amphorae found off the coast of Sicily

An analysis performed by Dario Panetta of TQ (Technology for Quality) with the x-ray fluorescence method revealed the ingots were made from a copper (80%) and zinc (20%) based alloy with small traces of lead and nickel.

The presence of wooden planking on the seabed near the bullion suggests these were part of the cargo carried by a ship arriving in Gela which was shipwrecked only a few metres from the coast.

Their discovery demonstrates the wealth of Gela in antiquity and the presence of rich and specialized craft workshops for the production of objects of great value.

Cannabis May Soon be Used in Stroke and Cardiac Emergencies


This should be applied immediately.  We already know that this drug happens to be safe.

Thus application should be no more controversial than applying ice packs.  That it halts damage from a stroke is super important as that is the core problem for recovery success.

As said, the sooner the better as this drug is well understood including the faux controversy.

Cannabis May Soon be Used in Stroke and Cardiac Emergencies

 Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over 100 active cannabinoids in cannabis. It accounts for 40 percent of the plant's extract and widely considered to be one of it's most powerful constituents that heals cells.

Emergency teams in cardiac and stroke units may one day use CBD's neuroprotective effects to prevent the onset of debilitating symptoms developing from stroke and cardiac arrest.

The reason cannabis is so effective medicinally is directly related to its ability to interact with receptors in the body which inhibit inflammation and prevent disease.

Cannabis does this so well, that few drugs can compete with its level of potency which come essentially with no side effects.

The new study from China documents"for the first time" how CBD can exert a potentially neuroprotective effect against brain ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Brain ischemia is a common clinical condition, and is involved in many serious diseases, including stroke, cardiac arrest, and respiratory arrest.

The treatment for this condition usually involves the restoration of blood flow as quickly as possible. However, this can cause secondary injury to the ischemic area, referred to as ischemia/reperfusion injury.

"The restoration of the blood circulation causes inflammation and oxidative-stress-induced damage in the area affected by the absence of oxygen and nutrients during the period of cerebral ischemia," wrote researchers from Fudan University in Shanghai.

"CBD treatments will most certainly exist in emergency rooms for stroke and cardiac patients in the future," said cardiac specialist Dr. Sean McCormick. "Not only will CBD extracts prevent inflammatory damage but they may also heal existing damage."

"Brain ischemia with reperfusion also results in impaired mitochondrial oxidative metabolism and a depletion of the reducing energy of neurons, which contribute to programmed cell death," they added.

The researchers said it had recently been demonstrated in vivo and in vitro that CBD has a variety of therapeutic properties, exerting antidepressant, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and neuroprotective effects.

"Increasing evidence indicates that CBD is a molecule with potentially neuroprotective properties that can be used to treat neurodegenerative disorders," they added.

In this study, the mechanisms underlying the potential neuroprotective effects of CBD, a nonpsychotropic compound derived from Cannabis sativa, were assessed.

They were studied in vitro using an oxygen-glucose-deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) model in a mouse hippocampal neuronal cell line.

The study found that the potent neuroprotective effects of CBD protected against oxygen-glucose-deprivation/reperfusion (OGDR) injury induced cytotoxicity, energy crisis, and disturbance of the cellular metabolism.

Precise Mechanism

The researchers stated it did so by alleviating oxidative stress; enhancing mitochondrial bioenergetics and activating the pentose-phosphate pathway, thereby strengthening the antioxidant defences and preserving the energy homeostasis of neurons...

"We found that CBD significantly improved basal respiration, ATP-linked oxygen consumption rate, and the spare respiratory capacity, and augmented glucose consumption in OGD/R-injured neurons," they added, writing in the journal Redox Biology.

"We propose, for the first time, that CBD stimulates glucose metabolism through the pentose-phosphate pathway to maintain the redox balance and energy conservation during neuronal ischemia/reperfusion injury."

They concluded their results suggested that CBD exerts a potent neuroprotective effect against ischemia/reperfusion, and added more in-depth studies are required to investigate the precise mechanism underlying the success of CBD treatment.

The Alluring Falsehood of Socialism

The fundamental flaw in socialism is that it tacitly accepts the authority of the King and promotes that instead of community in particular and at the expense of community which forces out the individual too easily.

With that you have what is an attractive bundle of intentions along with a surfeit of  expensive rent seekers attempting to justify their incomes.  This is obvious and wrong and naturaly attracts blowback by a counter political movement to rationalise what has been created but not properly replace or improve.

Divesting authority to the natural community settles all this. Merely look at the Amish for God's sake.  We can easily replicate even that and actually do much better using the rule of twelve and modern fiat banking.

The Alluring Falsehood of Socialism

This is excerpted from Eastman's Reflections on Socialism, which was published in 1955.
Almost everyone who cares earnestly about freedom is aroused against the Communists. But it is not only the Communists, it is in a more subtle way the Socialists who are blocking the efforts of the free world to recover its poise and its once-firm resistance to tyranny. In Italy, by voting with the Communists, they ousted De Gasperi’s strong and wise government, and they are keeping his successors weak through the menace of similar action. In France, by refusing hearty collaboration with “capitalist” parties, they have made it impossible to form any stable government at all, producing just that chaos which the Communists desire. In Germany, after doing their best to oust Adenauer and his brilliant Minister of Economics, Ludwig Erhard, who accomplished almost single-handed “the miracle of German recovery,” they are as this is written opposing his plan of rearmament, which offers the sole hope of effective West European resistance to an invading Communist army. In England they made a recovery like that of Germany impossible; their government recognized Communist China; and they are pushing to confirm for all time the Communists’ hold on the impregnable land mass, or planetary fortress, of Eurasia. In Norway they have produced the closest imitation of an authoritarian state to be found this side of the iron curtain.
We are still beguiled by this other fairy tale: that a group of liberal-minded reformers can take charge of the economy and approximate a free and equal society.

In America we seem remote from all this, but it is only because the Socialists in large numbers have abandoned the party label, adopting the Fabian policy of infiltration in other groups. Norman Thomas has withdrawn from the party executive and no longer functions as a political leader. Maynard Krueger, once candidate for Vice President on the Socialist ticket, resigned from the party, explaining that he did so not because his beliefs had changed, but because he thought devout American Socialists should associate themselves with the “liberal-labor coalition inside and just outside the Democratic party.” This liberal-labor coalition has already transformed the Democratic party from an organ of Jeffersonian resistance to centralized power into the recognized advocate of increasing state control. It played a major part in the follies of Yalta, Teheran, Potsdam, and the China Story, which gave away well-nigh half the world to the Communists.

Thus in America as elsewhere it is the socialist ideal, as surely as the communist implementation of it, that is working against freedom. To thoughtful Americans Lenin’s notion that a tiny group of detached zealots calling themselves the vanguard of the working class, after seizing the power and “smashing the bourgeois state,” could establish a dictatorship of the proletariat—or any dictatorship but their own—has grown to seem preposterous. And the belief that such a dictatorship, having taken charge of the economy of a country, could lead the way to a classless society in which all men would be free and equal, is getting difficult even to remember. When remembered it is seen to be what it is—a dangerous fairy tale.

But we are still beguiled by this other fairy tale: that a large group of liberal-minded reformers, not pretending to be a class, not seizing the power but creeping into it, not smashing the state but bending it to their will, can take charge of the economy and approximate a free and equal society. This second notion is really more utopian than the first. The bolshevik scheme at least designated a social force which was to carry the process through. It looked scientific to say that the working class, once the existing order was smashed, would conduct the economy without paying tribute to capital, and a classless society would thus result from the natural instincts of men. The belief that such a millennium could be brought into being by “some combination of lawyers, business and labor managers, politicians and intellectuals,” is hard to take seriously. And yet as Lenin s pseudo-scientific dream-hope evaporates, this more pure and perfect fantasy tends to take its place.

The phrase I quoted is from an essay contributed by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., to a symposium on “The Future of Socialism,” in the Partisan Review for May-June 1947. In that essay Mr. Schlesinger defined socialism in orthodox terms as “ownership by the state of all significant means of production,” and declared it “quite practicable . . . as a long term proposition.” He has said contrary things both before and since, and it appears that these words did not express a clear or firmly held opinion.[1] But that makes them all the better illustrate the danger I am speaking of.

This assumption, though alluringly plausible, does not happen to be true.

For it is not the copper-riveted old-time believers in Marxian theory that we in America have to fear. Those old-timers, although calling themselves democratic, still give lip-service to the Marxian doctrine of progress through increasing class division. They do not seem to me really to believe in it any longer; in the present state of class relations in this country such a belief would require feats of mental gymnastics for which even Marx did not prepare them. But their formal adherence to this and the rest of the Marxian mystique isolates them in America. Their fairy tale is not plausible enough to be dangerous. It is the bureaucratic socializers—if I may devise that label for the champions of a lawyer-manager-politician-intellectual revolution—who constitute a real and subtle threat to America’s democracy. It is their dream that is moving into focus as that of Lenin grows dim.

The assumption common to these two dreams is that society can be made more free and equal, and incidentally more orderly and prosperous, by a state apparatus which takes charge of the economy, and runs it according to a plan. And this assumption, though alluringly plausible, does not happen to be true. A state apparatus which plans and runs the business of a country must have the authority of a business executive. And that is the authority to tell all those active in the business where to go and what to do, and if they are insubordinate put them out. It must be an authoritarian state apparatus. It may not want to be, but the economy will go haywire if it is not.

That much was foreseen by many cool-headed wise men during the hundred-odd years since the idea of a “socialized” economy was broached. But the world was young, and the young can not be told—they have to learn by experience. (I was among the least willing to be told.) However, the actual experience of state-run economies, popping up one after another in the last thirty-five years, should be enough, it seems to me, to bring home this simple fact to the most exuberant. It is a fact which you can hardly fail to realize if you watch the operation of any big factory, or bank, or department store, or any place of business where a large number of people are at work. There has to be a boss, and his authority within the business has to be recognized, and when not recognized, enforced.

Even supposing elections could be genuine, you might as well explode a bomb under the economy as hold an election.

Moreover, if the business is vast and complex, his authority has to be continuous. You cannot lift him out of his chair every little while, tear up his plans, and stick in somebody else with a different idea of what should be done or how it should be done. The very concept of a plan implies continuity of control. Thus the idea that a periodic election of the boss and managing personnel is consistent with a planned national economy is lacking both in logic and imagination—you need only define the word “plan,” or present a plan to your mind’s eye. The thing is conceivable perhaps in a small enterprise, but where would you be if the nation’s entire wealth production and distribution were a single business? Even supposing elections could be genuine when those in office controlled all the jobs in the country. Suppose they were genuine—you might as well explode a bomb under the economy as hold an election.

The phony elections in totalitarian countries, the ballots with only one party and one list of candidates, are not the mere tricks of a cynical dictator—they are intrinsic to a state-planned economy. Either phony elections or no elections at all—that is what thoroughgoing socialism will mean, no matter who brings it in—hard-headed Bolsheviks, soft-headed Social Democrats, or genteel liberals. Even now, with government handling only a third of our national income, it took the most popular candidate since George Washington to defeat the party in power. Even he could not carry in a Congress heartily in opposition. How could you unseat an administration with every enterprise and every wage and salary in the country in its direct control? Not only private self-interest would prevent it, and that would be a force like gravitation, but public prudence also—patriotism! “Don’t change horses in midstream,” we say. But we’d be in mid-stream all the time with the entire livelihood of the nation dependent upon an unfulfilled plan in the hands of those in office. “Don’t rock the boat” would be the eternal slogan, the gist of political morals. That these morals would have to be enforced by the criminal law is as certain as that mankind is man.

[1] The whole passage about how this “long term proposition” might be achieved reads as follows:
“Its gradual advance might well preserve order and law, keep enough internal checks and discontinuities to guarantee a measure of freedom, and evolve new and real forms for the expression of democracy. The active agents in effecting the transition will probably be, not the working class, but some combination of lawyers, business and labor managers, politicians and intellectuals, in the manner of the first New Deal, or of the labor government in Britain.”

Mr. Schlesinger was quite savagely angry at me for quoting this passage correctly when the present essay was published in the New Leader (June 1952). He thought I should have known that he did not mean what he said. “In order to chime with the purposes of the symposium,” he explained, “I chose to write as if ‘democratic socialism’ and ‘mixed economy’ were the same. I made a mistake in so doing, as Mr. Eastman’s confusion suggests. . . . . I am tired of Max Eastman and his present conviction that liberty resides in the immunity of private business from government control. I wish he would grow up . . .”

My “confusion” consisted in not having read Mr. Schlesinger’s book, The Age of Jackson (1945), in which he “explicitly rejected the theory of socialism,” nor yet The Vital Center (1949), in which he “explained his rejection of socialism at length.”

I was indeed guilty of this confusion, but I have it now clear in my head that it was only during an interlude in 1947—a strange interlude, I must say—that Mr. Schlesinger came out explicitly for “ownership by the state of all significant means of production,” meaning thereby a “mixed economy.”

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

The Cryptid Investigation

Anyone following my blog over the past decade will be aware that we have been investigating cryptids in general.  These are unidentified animals, normally large whose presence has been observed randomly from time to time.  It is time to draw up an overview.

when i took on this challenge i drew up a protocol which centered on developing conforming data from multiple eye witness reports. This has turned out to be inspired.  It turns out that every eye witness sees something which he may be able to name somewhat to suggests what he may have seen and he is also able to usually pick up a single detail or two.  Sometimes it is a lot better than that of course, but it means every report typically throws out a datum that both conforms to the developing picture and is often a unique aspect.

It is very much glimpsing an 'elephant' and the tail or the trunk or the tusk or etc.

I also applied another rule and that is to wait until i had a couple dozen reports before we declared that a phenomena actually existed.  At that point the probability hits fifty percent.  This resulted in a fairly complete description of any such cryptid.

After that it is all about building numbers in order to refine the data base.

We now know the following:

1    Sasquatch or big foot        ---   Plus 10,000 individual reports mostly double interviewed.
 This is the best data base out there and the picture we have is extraordinarily detailed.

2   Giant Sloth or Dogman et al ---  Plus 200 to date but recognition will provide a flood.  Most sightings have been hidden inside the Sasquatch data.

3    Thunder bird                        ---  Plus 20

4    Gargoyle  or chupacabra      ---  Plus 20

5     Pterodactyl                         --- Plus 20

6     Small primates                   ---   Plus 20

7     Sea Serpent                          ---  Plus 20 worldwide.  Uncommon during theage of the motor ship

8     Mososaurus                         ---   plus 20 worldwide. same problem as sea serpent.

As you can see the Sasquatch is the elephant in the room and it has not won serious study or a proper attempt to communicate.  This would be safe to do as well.. Much easier than the giant gorillas.

The giant sloth needs to be shot on sight with a high powered rifle.  It is responsible for many human disappearances and is extremely dangerous.  Fortunately it is an ambush hunter and will not normally respond in a confrontation.  No one survives an ambush and this means that you need to pair off in back country to remain safe.  I reviewed all David Pilate's work and found a trove of Sloth kills otherwise unidentified and mystifying.

The larger animals have a superior sensitivity and are easily able to avoid us.  They stay away from us and normally hunt after sunset and go to ground during daylight.  We and bears are the real exceptions to this. 

From when i begin back in 1998 to now we have built a substancial picture and a real menagerie.  there are other potentials in the data but not enough sightings yet.  I would like to see this list get broad public airing in order to flush out the many reports not made yet simply because the observer has no place to go.  Publicity and increasing interest on the Dog man has brought in many new reports.  However no one else has identified this creature as the giant sloth.

Salmon Caught Near Seattle Proven to be Inundated with Antidepressants, Cocaine and More

 I am personally a large fan of dumping all waste out into the ocean so long as it is self flushing in order to maximize real dilution.

Dumping it into a closed estuary like Puget Sound is not a plan at all and worse it interferes with salmon runs heading past to their rivers.  You simply fail to get the necessary dilution and likely fail to take advantage of actual fresh water dilution coming into the sound.

All the sewage will need to be treated and all nastiness dealt with... 

Salmon Caught Near Seattle Proven to be Inundated with Antidepressants, Cocaine and More

Posted on February 10, 2017
Daniel Barker, Natural News

We’re all familiar with horror stories about juveniles on drugs, but normally it’s humans that are involved, not fish. This case, however, involves juvenile chinook salmon who never had the chance to “Just Say No.”

Disturbing new research has indicated that young salmon found in Puget Sound tested positive for more than 80 different drugs, including cocaine, antidepressants and dozens of other medications used by humans.

When researchers tested the water at and near sewage treatment plants in the estuaries of Puget Sound near Seattle, Washington, they discovered high levels of drugs and personal care products – at some of the highest concentrations found anywhere in the nation.

The tissues of migratory chinook salmon and local staghorn sculpin also contained these compounds – even in the fish found in estuaries far from the sewage treatment plants where the water was previously considered “pristine.”

As reported by The Seattle Times:

“The medicine chest of common drugs also included Flonase, Aleve and Tylenol. Paxil, Valium and Zoloft. Tagamet, OxyContin and Darvon. Nicotine and caffeine. Fungicides, antiseptics and anticoagulants. And Cipro and other antibiotics galore.

“Why are the levels so high? It could be because people here use more of the drugs detected, or it could be related to wastewater-treatment plants’ processes, said Jim Meador, an environmental toxicologist at NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center in Seattle and lead author on a paper published this week in the journal Environmental Pollution.”

Sewage treatment plants unable to cope

The presence of these drugs in the water appears to be related to the inability of the wastewater plants to fully remove these chemicals during treatment. But high fecal coliform counts in some areas of the Sound suggest that leaky septic tanks may also be contributing to the problem.

Some of the drugs found in the fish and the water of Puget Sound are difficult to remove using standard sewage treatment methods:

“Treatment plants in King County are effective in removing some drugs in wastewater, but many drugs are recalcitrant and remain. Seizure drugs, for instance, are very hard to remove, and ibuprofen levels are knocked down — but not out — during treatment, said Betsy Cooper, permit administrator for the county’s Wastewater Treatment Division.”

Who is really to blame?

But the blame should not be placed entirely on the treatment plants, according to Cooper. “You have treatment doing its best to remove these, chemically and biologically,” she said, “but it’s not just the treatment quality, it’s also the amount that we use day to day and our assumption that it just goes away.”

Shamefully, our own drug dependence is now poisoning other species as well. We have become a nation of drugged-out zombies, but that doesn’t give us the right to turn fish and other animals into the same.

Maybe it’s time to start realizing that prescription pharmaceuticals, over-the-counter remedies and illicit drugs are doing us – and our environment – far more harm than good.

We’ve bought into the Big Pharma-created myth that there is a chemical solution to all our problems – physical and mental – when in reality these substances are the cause of much of our “dis-ease” and general out-of-balance lifestyles.

The obvious solution

Although Western pharmaceutical medicine arguably has some value, almost everything these drugs are designed to treat can be more effectively dealt with using natural methods which promote healing rather than dependence.
And one of the obvious lessons from the situation in Puget Sound is that when you make bad decisions at one level, there will be negative effects on other levels as well. We don’t live in a vacuum, and our unhealthy lifestyles have an impact on all living things.

We’re simultaneously poisoning ourselves and our surroundings. Maybe it’s time for another approach …

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